Gelsenkirchen is a city in the North Rhine-Westphalia state of Germany. It is located in the northern part of the Ruhr area. In the early 20th century, Gelsenkirchen was the most important coal mining town in Europe. So much so, the exit from coal and steel from 1958 to 1980 can still be felt today.
The transformation from an economy dominated by large companies to an economic structure characterised by small scale, diversity and robustness is taking place. Hence, the demand of an expansion of the digital network in the city of Gelsenkirchen arose from an acute need of local enterprises for fast and reliable networks, in order to maintain their competitiveness on the market.